Skip to main content
EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum
Press release21 May 2024Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology3 min read

"EU Blockchain Ecosystem Developments 3" published by the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum

May 2024

The EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum proudly announces the release of its third comprehensive report on the development of the blockchain ecosystem across Europe. This 2024 edition provides an in-depth analysis of blockchain advancements in 32 countries, including all EU member states, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Ukraine. The report highlights the transformative growth of blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies in Europe since the series' inception in 2020.

Regulatory and Legal Frameworks

Significant progress has been made in regulatory and legal frameworks, positioning the European Union as a global leader in blockchain regulation. Key legislative milestones such as the Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulation and the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA) have been pivotal. MiCA has established a harmonized regulatory standard for crypto-assets, issuers, and service providers, focusing on consumer protection, transparency, and market integrity. DORA addresses digital operational resilience, ensuring the financial sector can effectively respond to ICT-related disruptions and threats, safeguarding market stability and integrity. These frameworks have not only enhanced the robustness of Europe's financial and technological infrastructure but also fostered an environment conducive to innovation and growth in the blockchain domain.

Business Environment and Innovation

The stable regulatory conditions have catalyzed a dynamic expansion of the business environment across Europe. Startups and established enterprises are increasingly leveraging blockchain technologies to innovate and expand. The report documents significant growth in blockchain applications across various sectors, including finance, education, government services, and supply chain management. Notably, countries like Estonia and Lithuania have emerged as leaders by integrating blockchain technology into national infrastructures and public services, enhancing efficiency, transparency, and public trust.

Blockchain Attention Index

This year's report introduces the "Blockchain Attention Index," a novel feature that analyzes search engine data to measure public interest in blockchain technology across the surveyed countries. This index provides insights into how public perception aligns with major developments and events in the blockchain space. The data reveals that public interest has experienced notable fluctuations, often correlating with regulatory changes, significant business developments, or economic events impacting the crypto market.

Academic and Research Contributions

The academic sector has substantially contributed to the blockchain ecosystem. Numerous universities across Europe now offer specialized courses and degrees in blockchain and cryptocurrency technologies. Institutions such as the University of Nicosia and the University of Liechtenstein are pioneering comprehensive educational and research programs, fostering future professionals and contributing to foundational research that drives the industry forward.

Future Outlook

The European blockchain ecosystem is poised for continued growth and innovation. The regulatory frameworks established by the EU are expected to evolve further, potentially setting global standards for blockchain and cryptocurrency regulation. The ongoing engagement of the academic sector and the increasing integration of blockchain technology into various industries suggest that blockchain will remain a key area of development in Europe.

Strategic Insights

The report underscores that regulatory maturity often trails behind ecosystem developments, indicating that legislation tends to react to advancements within the private sector. This observation is crucial for policymakers, suggesting that proactive regulatory approaches may foster more rapid and harmonious ecosystem development. The EU's strategy of using regulatory sandboxes to pilot blockchain applications exemplifies a forward-thinking approach that could serve as a model for other regions.


Summing up, the 2024 report on the European blockchain landscape reflects a sophisticated and maturing market characterized by strategic regulatory initiatives and vibrant ecosystem growth. This comprehensive overview serves as both a reflection of the current state and a blueprint for the future trajectory of blockchain technology in Europe. The progression detailed in the report underscores the EU’s leadership in blockchain technology and highlights the potential for blockchain to become a cornerstone of digital economic strategies across the continent.

For more information visit

Download the report here

Media Contact:

Marianna Charalambous
Institute For the Future
charalambous [dot] mariatunic [dot] ac [dot] cy (E-mail)

Tonia Damvakeraki
tonia [dot] damvakerakiatnetcompany [dot] com (E-mail)