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EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum
Press release17 May 2024Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology2 min read

Blockchain for beginners - basic guiding principles

The EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum (EUBOF) is excited to announce the publication of its latest educational resource, "Blockchain for Beginners." This comprehensive guide aims to provide novice learners with an introductory understanding of blockchain technology, covering its fundamental principles, various applications, and emerging trends.

About the Guide

The "Blockchain for Beginners" guide is designed to help newcomers navigate the complex and rapidly evolving landscape of blockchain technology. The guide offers a snapshot of the current state of blockchain as of April 2024, acknowledging the continuous advancements and shifting regulatory environments that characterise this dynamic field.

Prepared by the EUBOF Team, the guide emphasises foundational knowledge while also addressing the latest developments and use cases of blockchain technology.

Key Highlights from the Guide

1. Introduction to Blockchain

  • The guide begins with a clear definition and basic concepts of blockchain, including its historical background and the importance of decentralisation.
  • It explains why blockchain matters, highlighting key advantages such as transparency, security, and peer-to-peer transactions.

2. Understanding the Fundamentals

  • Detailed sections on how blockchain works, including decentralisation, cryptography, and consensus mechanisms.
  • Comparative analysis between blockchain and traditional databases to illustrate their differences and unique benefits.

3. Types of Blockchain

  • An exploration of various blockchain types, including public vs private blockchains, permissionless vs permissioned blockchains, and hybrid models.
  • The guide elaborates on consortium blockchains and their use in organisational functions.

4. Blockchain Use Cases

  • Extensive coverage of practical applications of blockchain technology across multiple industries, such as finance, supply chain management, healthcare, voting, and intellectual property.
  • Real-world examples and potential benefits of blockchain implementation in these sectors.

5. Emerging Topics in Blockchain

  • Insights into cutting-edge topics like Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), Decentralized Finance (DeFi), Virtual Worlds (Metaverse), Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs), and interoperability.
  • Discussion on environmental concerns associated with blockchain technology and potential solutions to mitigate these impacts.

6. Regulation of Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies

  • An overview of the regulatory landscape, focusing on the European Union's approach to the Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulation.
  • Comparative analysis of regulatory frameworks in other regions, including the United States and Asia.


The European Union Blockchain Observatory and Forum is dedicated to advancing the understanding and application of blockchain technology within Europe. Through comprehensive research, reports, and educational materials, EUBOF aims to inform and guide policymakers, industry stakeholders, and the general public about the potential and challenges of blockchain.

The "Blockchain for Beginners" guide is now available for download on the EUBOF website. For more information and to access the guide, please visit EUBOF website.

Contact Information:

Marianna Charalambous
Institute For the Future
charalambous [dot] mariatunic [dot] ac [dot] cy (E-mail)

Tonia Damvakeraki
tonia [dot] damvakerakiatnetcompany [dot] com (E-mail)